Disqualified Player Must Pay the Winner (Article ID 33)
Abstract: The reason a player’s hand has been declared dead will determine the payout by that player to the others. There are multiple answers defining dead hand payouts in Mah Jongg Made Easy and in bulletins.
Question from a player: Does a player whose hand is declared dead have to pay the winner?
Answer from the NMJL: “When a player declares mah jongg in error and exposes the hand, the hand is declared a “dead” hand. The disqualified player discontinues picking and discarding. The other players continue play. When mah jongg is declared by any of the remaining players, the disqualified player pays the winner full value of the hand.”
“The player who has been declared dead cannot, later in the game declare another player dead. Technically she is no longer part of that game and must remain silent. It is really not to her advantage to so , as it would increase the changes for another player to make mah jongg. The player with the dead hand sits quietly and prays for a wall game.”
Source: Mah Jongg Made Easy 2020 page 16 #3 [a], 21 [b], [c]; National Mah Jongg League Bulletin Q&A (1967 page 5, 1968 page 4, 1969 page 4, 1971 page 4, 1973 page 5, 1974 page 3) https://www.nationalmahjonggleague.org